The carbon 14 dating of the ancient temple of Gobelki Tepe has reignited the debate about the true age of the Sphinx. New evidence suggests may be 8000 years older than previously thought.
Gobelki Tepe may be older than we thought! When a bit 'of years ago Robert Bauval, Graham Hancock, John Anthony and others, challenged the commonly accepted dating of the Sphinx, academics responded by shouting "heresy!" Subsequently, Robert Schoch, professor of geology at Boston University, has dated the monument of Giza around 7000 BC, twice the accepted date, invoking a similar backdating.
"There is no evidence that just might be true," said Carol Redmount Egyptologist at the University of California, Berkeley (Los Angeles Times, October 23, 1991). "The people of that region
would not have had the technology, the institutions of government, or even the desire to build these structures thousands of years before the reign of Khafre. "And this, in a nutshell, was the vision shared by such scientists and Egyptologists.
The Sphinx is the same period of Gobekli Tepe? Cavemen could have built the Sphinx? The academics were faced with a problem of feasibility. How could the cavemen of the Neolithic have built such an impressive specimen as the Sphinx thousands of years before the date of construction acceptable for, say, Stonehenge and the pyramids? In an era prior to 3000 BC, academics quickly put out, the only known artifacts were spearheads of flint and tends to hide from animals. In no way the people of the first Neolithic could have built something as elaborate as the giant pyramids or the Sphinx. A statement, paradoxically, with which the heretics were absolutely agree! In fact, the "heretics" believed that the Sphinx and other ancient monuments were built by a "lost civilization", which was canceled at the end of the last ice age, spreading and convincing evidence of this order. But even this idea was shunned by academics, who remained steadfast in their dogmatic assertions that the dates had to be wrong. Then came the discovery of Gobekli Tepe.
What academic scientists did not expect was the discovery in 1994 of a site comprising a massive, complex and elaborate megalithic temple buried beneath the highlands of Anatolia, south-east of Turkey, known as Gobelki Tepe, which means "hill the navel. " Initially, it was thought to have a similar age to the other megalithic monuments. From the early excavations at its disinterment, Gobelki Tepe has reserved many surprises. But none can "stop time" as the results of the tests to determine its precise age.
To the dismay of academics, carbon dating of Gobelki Tepe is a staggering 11,000 BC, a date too remote to be within the accepted models of human evolution. Unlike the dates proposed by Schoch, and other heretics, dating to the middle of the "Carbon 14âÂÂ € ³ could not be questioned. Gobelki Today Tepe is considered the most important archaeological site in the world, and it is situated between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris, is considered by some eminent archaeologist, be the site of the fabled "Garden of Eden", even if only in a context allegorical.
Biblical references aside, the question remains standing: who built this impressive anachronism? Men of the caves? Aliens? or a lost civilization of antiquity? For the moment, the academics had taken to flight.
Of the older buildings of 13,000 years as well as complex and elaborate Gobekli Tepe, simply should not exist in the current way of thinking about prehistory. The fact that there has forced the archeology officer to rethink his theories of the ancient world and, most importantly, the people that lived in that world. No one, in the context of science official approval, it is of course still prepared to consider seriously the possibility that the complex of Gobekli Tepe may have been built by a lost civilization that once inhabited the Earth, and maybe it was more technologically advanced than you may commonly thinking, and that has been wiped out simultaneously with the melting of the ice during the end of the last ice age.
Although such a scenario may be associated with the "myth of Noah" - the extinction of an entire people in a great flood, or some other global catastrophe around 12,000 years ago - the academic world remains firmly convinced that this civilization did not exist. But then, who built Gobekli Tepe?
Incredibly, the vision accepted by the official, is that our hunter-gatherer ancestors would have been able to "draw straight lines" after all.
When only a handful of years ago, academics not retreated from saying that the "cavemen" who populated the region, could in no way have built something as sophisticated as the Sphinx, much less the site of the temple complex of highly Gobekli Tepe, now they are forced to shuffle the cards and to admit that they were wrong.
Now argue that the Neolithic hunter-gatherers of the ancient structures built all by themselves.
Although this remarkable turnaround in the opinion of academics, has been hailed by some as a "breakthrough", others remain convinced that these ancient structures, such as the Sphinx and Gobekli Tepe, are the traces of a lost civilization. However we think, what can be defined as certain is that the figure of 11,000 years BC for Gobelki Tepe, from carbon dating, it means that we can riesamenare the evidence regarding the age of the Sphinx with renewed enthusiasm.
Commenting on the work of Robert Schoch about the new dating of the Sphinx, remember, the Egyptologist Carol Redmount the University of California said: "There is no evidence that it can not be true!" His reasons for this opinion was that the tribes of hunter-gatherers that time "did not have the technology, government institutions or even the desire to build these structures thousands of years before the reign of Khafre." We now know that Carol Redmount was wrong.
But Robert Schoch was not the only voice in the wilderness proclaiming an alternative point of view.
According to certain alignments astroarcheologici discovered by Robert Bauval and Graham Hancock, have been suggested dates far older than the pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. These datings were, of course, "thrown in the trash" by scholars officers, but with the discovery of Gobelki Tepe, a new perspective was launched on when it was built the Giza complex.
According to the record, the combined works of Bauval and Hancock proposed dates set around 10,500 for the construction of the Sphinx, and suggest how it could be even older. To a certain extent, this view is also shared by writers and Egyptologists. John Anthony West, whose research during the 70s and 80s made him conclude that the Sphinx was far older than the archaeologists Orthodox were prepared to accept. West also concluded, moreover, as there was a good chance that it could have been built by a civilization now lost in the mists of time.
Similarly Schoch, West suggested that the erosion of the pedestal of the sphinx, due to the action of the water, he felt like the monument in question was much older than the date of 2500 BC generally attributed to it. Because of evidence of erosion due to heavy rainfall storm - was pointed out-the Sphinx must have been built in a period close to 10,000 years ago, the last time the region was the scene of rainfall likely to cause similar erosion.
And in a recent study entitled Geological aspect of the problem of dating the great Egyptian sphinx construction ("the problems of dating geological aspects of the great Egyptian construction - call - Sphinx") published in 2008 and presented at the International Conference on Geoarchaeology and Archeomineralogia, evidence was presented that demonstrate how the construction of the Sphinx is in fact backdated back in time to the Pleistocene era, ie 10,000 years ago.
It should be noted that the main argument in favor of so-called "official date" of 2,500 BC for the building of the Sphinx is highly dependent on comparison with monuments depicting human faces like that of Pharaoh Khafre (2520-2494 BC). The archeology official insists that the Sphinx is some kind of monument to the Great Pharaoh because they are perceived similarities in the carved face. But it should also be noted that different types of forensic tests have demonstrated that the face of the Sphinx is presumably that of Chephren, and therefore the assumption that the Sphinx was built during the reign of Khafre is far from being certified once and for all .
In fact, most of the evidence now tend to support the views of the heretics, how the Sphinx may have been built in about 10,500 BC, making it almost contemporary to the complex of Gobelki Tepe, both with an age of 12,500 years.
It is interesting to realize how a growing consensus is also ready to accept as a "lost" civilization, which inhabited the coastal areas of the ancient world could have built the Sphinx, as well as the pyramids and Gobelki Tepe, before being swept away by a great flood caused by melting ice ghiaccioo at the end of the last ice age, around 10,000 BC Research in this area are ongoing, and future updates will be surprises. These ancient wonders have been built with the help of non-terrestrial intelligences from a highly advanced human civilization completely unknown? or have been built by our hunter-gatherer ancestors, "cavemen" who populated the region north-Middle East between 12,000 and 13,000 years ago?!