Roma – Istituzioni europee da riformare e più trasparenti, l’euro come moneta attorno a cui costruire un sistema in grado di assorbire gli shock economici, una Unione campione delle libertà civili e “opportunità senza confini” da garantire con “una migliore protezione del mercato comune“. Ruota attorno a questi quattro punti il testo dell’accordo tra ALDE e Movimento 5 Stelle che riporta la data del 4 gennaio, malgrado la votazione online sia stata indetta da Beppe Grillo solo domenica.
Nel testo, in particolare, viene ribadita una convinta visione europeista e si evidenzia il ruolo fondamentale che le Istituzioni di Bruxelles – pur da riformare in senso più democratico e trasparente – devono avere come “contrappeso” in un mondo sempre più globalizzato. “Molti nostri cittadini credono che l’Unione Europa sia parte del problema come vettore indiretto dietro la globalizzazione senza controllo che viene percepita di beneficio solo per pochi. Mentre in realtà dovrebbe essere l’opposto. Noi crediamo che solo l’Unione Europea abbia un peso sufficiente per approfittare della gobalizzazione…L’Unione Europea deve essere il contrappeso democratico alle forze economiche globalizzate“.
Il documento è consultabile sulla piattaforma Medium.com in calce alla lettera aperta scritta da cinque docenti ‘guidati’ da Alessandro Fusacchia, ex capo di gabinetto del Ministero del’Istruzione, per chiedere al capogruppo di ALDE, l’europeista belga Guy Verhofstadt, di non “fare accordi con Beppe Grillo” e “non unirsi dietro le quinte col Movimento 5 Stelle”.
Ecco il testo dell’accordo in inglese:
ALDE and the Movimento 5 Stelle (M5S) share the core values of freedom, equality and transparency. We both see the individual as the central building block of society, while promoting an open economy, solidarity and social cohesion as the preconditions for people to achieve their full potential. We both want to strengthen the influence of citizens on decisions that affect them, including through developing mechanisms for direct democracy and by motivating people to participate and engage in politics.
More importantly, we are both reformist forces that want to fundamentally change the way the European Union operates today. We strive for a fundamental overhaul, because the European Union of today is unable to deliver the results that citizens expect in terms of prosperity and protection, which fuels distrust and disillusionment instead of building up confidence and commitment.
Too many of our citizens see the European Union as part of the problem, as the indirect driver behind uncontrolled globalization that is perceived as benefitting only a few. While in fact it should be the opposite. We believe only the European Union has sufficient weight to exploit globalisation, as a force for good and to ensure that the benefits are shared by all. The European Union must be the democratic counterweight to globalized economic forces.
Therefore, we want to see reform in key areas.
1. The renewal of European democracy.
ALDE and M5S champion a more democratic and transparent Union. We both want a smaller, more effective European Commission, a reformed European Council and a more powerful European Parliament that is on equal footing with the Council. We both believe part of the Members of the European Parliament should be elected on a transnational basis as an important step towards a real European democracy.
We also want to end the ineffective ‘grand coalition’ that has monopolised power and paralysed Europe for too long. The way forward is enhancing the direct involvement of citizens in the democratic processes and increase transparency, by making all documents public as a rule and by using clear language to communicate in all kind of legislation as well as in international arrangements and trade agreements. We need to make the institutions more transparent and accountable, and give citizens more direct influence over policies and the choice of political leadership, both in the ballot station and through other tools for citizens’ involvement.
2. Reform of the Eurozone
During the past decade, our single currency has proven to be stable and resilient against external shocks, but it has fallen short in strengthening our economy and achieving convergence between the national economies. The euro has not delivered on its promise. It is high time to fix some of the underlying flaws.
We need to build around the common currency a system that is able to absorb economic shocks in the eurozone and that needs to be managed by a new governance that must be embedded in transparent and democratic structures. We also need to review the way in which national budgets are monitored, and introduce a new convergence code that is focussed on meaningful reforms and ensuring value for money delivery of public services, instead of one-sidedly on budget numbers.
3. Rights and freedoms
The European Union is first and foremost a community of values. We need to make European Union the global champion of civil liberties, fundamental rights and the rule of law. The European Union has to ensure the basic values and principles, laid down in the EU Treaties, are respected throughout the EU. Shared values and mutual trust are key for EU policies such as police and justice cooperation, asylum and refugee policies, the digital agenda, energy or the joint management of external borders.
4. Opportunities without borders
Equally, Europe should be able to secure the four fundamental freedoms by better protecting the common market. This requires a broad strategy that reaches from tackling dumping of products on the EU market to eliminating obstacles to free movement for ordinary citizens. The single market has to become the hub for talent, innovation, start-ups and small and medium sized enterprises as well as multinationals. At the same time a single market without internal borders clearly requires that questions of solidarity and social cohesion needs to be tackled as a priority!